Gita Jayanti, also referred as Bhagawad Geetha Jayanthi, is the day when the Bhagvad Gita was rendered by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the Kurukshetra on the first day of the famous 18-day battle in the Mahabharata. Gita Jayanthi falls on the Ekadasi day of Shukla Paksha (the bright half) of the Margashirsha month (November-December) in traditional Hindi calendar. In 2013, the date of Gita Jayanti is December 13.
The discourse of Bhagavad Gita took place at the middle of the Kurushektra war. After several attempts of reconciliation failed, the war becomes inevitable. As per requested, out of pure compassion and sincere love to His devotee Arjuna, Krishna decided to become the charioteer for His best friend. The day of the war finally came and both of the armies gathered on the battlefield face to face. This is the time where Arjuna asks Lord Krishna to drive the chariot to the middle of the battlefield between both armies to have a look at the opponent. Seeing his Grandsire Bhishma who raised him since child and his teacher Drona who have thought him to be a great archer, Arjuna’s heart begin to melt. His body started to tremble and his mind get confused which makes him deviate from his duty as a Kshatriya. He felt weak and sickened on the thought that he would have to kill his relatives, his friends and revered persons in this confrontation. Being very despondent, he told his friend Krishna of his problem and turn to Him to seek for advice. The advice that was given by Krishna to Arjuna is what is known now as the Bhagavad Gita, the most sacred philosophical non-sectarian text of the Hindu.
Gita Jayanthi is celebrated worldwide by all those who revere Bhagavad Gita as Mother and respect her, especially devotees of Krishna. Mass recital of the 701 verses from all 18 chapters chanted throughout the day. Devotees also fast on this day as it is also Ekadasi.
All Hindu Temples, especially those dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Lord
Krishna, conduct special pujas on the day.